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决战GMAT逻辑之CR题型解析——填空题【申友GMAT培训】

浏览次数:278 日期:2017-04-20 17:03:22
填空题,又称blank题型。通常需要通过理解题目语义,在划线部分填上一个最符合题意的部分。标志性特征:划线部分。一般来说(1)空格前是since, because则是假设题;(2)空格前是therefore, hence, thus是MUST BE TRUE / Main Point题。

【什么是填空题】

填空题,又称blank题型。通常需要通过理解题目语义,在划线部分填上一个最符合题意的部分。


标志性特征:划线部分。一般来说(1)空格前是since, because则是假设题;(2)空格前是therefore, hence, thus是MUST BE TRUE / Main Point题。


【GMAT解题技巧】

1.填原因:同解释题做法  

2.题型:  

(1)A, therefore B  填写AB之间的Gap  架桥  

(2)A, however B   填写A的直接原因  与解释题做法相同


例题:PG13-P503-12

Which of the following most logically completes the passage?


Most bicycle helmets provide good protection for the top and back of the head, but little or no protection for the temple regions on the sides of the head. A study of head injuries resulting from bicycle accidents showed that a large proportion were caused by blows to the temple area. Therefore, if bicycle helmets protected this area, the risk of serious head injury in bicycle accidents would be greatly reduced, especially since        .


(A) among the bicyclists included in the study's sample of head injuries, only a very small proportion had been wearing a helmet at the time of their accident

(B) even those bicyclists who regularly wear helmets have a poor understanding of the degree and kind of protection that helmets afford

(C) a helmet that included protection for the temples would have to be somewhat larger and heavier than current helmets

(D) the bone in the temple area is relatively thin and impacts in that area are thus very likely to cause brain injury

(E) bicyclists generally land on their arm or shoulder when they fall to the side, which

reduces the likelihood of severe impacts on the side of the head

解析:

题干:大部分的自行车头盔都为头顶和后脑提供良好的保护,但是却忽视了头两侧太阳穴部位。一项针对自行车事故头部损伤的研究表明其中的一大部分是出自太阳穴部位损伤。所以,如果自行车头盔保护该区域的话,自行车事故头部严重受伤的风险将大大降低,因为____


A, 质疑了研究的准确性,错误。

B, 骑车的人对头盔保护作用认识不够,混淆了关键对象。

C, 保护太阳穴部位的头盔会更大更重,引入无关属性。

D,指出了太阳穴部位本身就很脆弱,是我们要找的关键对象的关键属性。正确!

E,指出太阳穴部位不易受伤,逻辑方向错误。


例题:OG16-P515-43

Which of the choices most logically completes the following argument?


NowNews, although still the most popular magazine covering cultural events in Kalopolis, has recently suffered a significant drop in advertising revenue because of falling circulation. Many readers have begun buying a competing magazine that, at 50 cents per copy, costs less than NowNews at $1.50 per copy. In order to boost circulation and thus increase advertising revenue, NowNews’s publisher has proposed making it available at no charge. However, this proposal has a serious drawback, since       .


(A) Those Kalopolis residents with the greatest interest in cultural events are regular readers of both magazines.

(B) One reason NowNews’s circulation fell was that its competitor’s reporting on cultural events was superior.

(C) The newsstands and stores that currently sell NowNews will no longer carry it if it is being given away for free.

(D) At present, 10 percent of the total number of copies of each issue of NowNews are distributed free to students on college campuses in the Kalopolis area.

(E) NowNews’s competitor would begin to lose large amounts of money if it were forced to lower its cover price.

解析:

尽管NowNews在K这个地区仍然是包含文化事件的最流行的杂志,但最近由于发行量的下降,广告收入有一个严重的下滑。许多读者开始购买竞争对手的杂志(50美分一份),比NowNews每份低1.5美分。为了促进发行量,提高广告收入,NowNews发行商提议免费发行。然而,这个提议有一个严重的缺点,因为——


A 对文化事件感兴趣的读者就会成为两种杂志的定期读者。无关选项。不知道以前是什么样的,成为定期读者不知道会不会对广告收入造成影响。

B NowNews发行量下降的原因是竞争对手关于文化事件的报道更胜一筹。跟提议无关。

C 如果它免费发行的话,那么报社和商量将不再卖NowNews的杂志。正确,发行量不会增加。

D 现在,NowNews每次发行总数量的10%将会免费发给K地学校学生,无关选项

E 如果NowNews的竞争对手被迫降价,它将会损失大量的钱。无关选项

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