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学会了这些,GMAT阅读拿高分都不是事儿【申友GMAT培训】

浏览次数:166 日期:2017-04-21 11:05:13
最近有不少同学向申友顾问反应,说gmat阅读部分简直折磨死人,阅读速度提不上去,做题还老错!久而久之,都不敢碰gmatRC了。所以今天申友老师来给大家讲讲关于GMAT阅读部分应该怎么正确打开以及其中可以用到的gmat解题技巧跟方法,只要同学们认真看完这篇干货并加以自己的理解跟实践,RC拿高分简直分分钟!

     最近有不少同学向申友顾问反应,说gmat阅读部分简直折磨死人,阅读速度提不上去,做题还老错!久而久之,都不敢碰gmatRC了。所以今天申友老师来给大家讲讲关于GMAT阅读部分应该怎么正确打开以及其中可以用到的gmat解题技巧跟方法,只要同学们认真看完这篇干货并加以自己的理解跟实践,RC拿高分简直分分钟!

 

GMAT阅读做不好的原因,大多数学生都是因为败在了这2点


    (1)语言基础薄弱,及词汇量不够跟句子分析能力欠缺

    (2)缺乏阅读方法

 

    GMAT考试对于考生的词汇量要求大概是8000-10000左右,如果你只有3000左右的词汇量,还盲目的到处寻求什么GMAT阅读方法跟技巧肯定是不行的,装备都没备好怎么打BOSS?这类同学就别再抱怨RC折磨人了,先老老实实的回去背单词先!

    可以利用市面上的单词书跟APP,打个硬广:雷哥GMAT APP ,你的GMAT学习好帮手,可做题,可模考,可测评,当然也能背单词。

    关于阅读方法,GMAT的阅读方法不同于雅思托福,托福雅思是先看题,带着题去找答案,而GMAT需要的是先看文章,理清楚文章的逻辑思路后再去做题。

     GMAT考试里面,有些文章很长,我们需要做的是巧找中心论点,只要抓住了论点,理清逻辑就方便很多了,一篇文章的论点一般是会出现在各段的首句,把论点先画出来,着重理解一下。

 

在阅读的文章中,会有三种结构


    (1)先给出论点,然后再对这个论点进行解释,可能会出现一部分拓展,来支持这个论点。

    (2)先给出一段背景介绍,然后再对这个介绍里出现的问题进行一个讨论由此引出论点。

    (3)先给出一段背景介绍,然后对出现的问题进行讨论,但是不同的是,可能是在这个讨论中会出现一个论点,这个时候就需要你的细心了,一定要定位准确,这之后可能也会给出一个对论点的拓展或者深发这个论点的东西,在抓住每段的论点之后,把每段论点合在一起,其实就是这篇文章的一个中心论点,抓住了中心论点,那么你做主旨题的准确率就会提高。


     还有一个问题就是可能文章中会出现很多的长难句从而影响你找到论点,这个时候你就要分清精读还是选读,这样速度就可以提升起来了。

 

举个GMAT例题:

 

     Polygamy in Africa has been a popular topic for social research over the past four decades; it has been analyzed by many distinguished minds and in various well-publicized works. In 1961, when Remi Clignet published his book "Many Wives, Many Powers," he was not alone in sharing the view that in Africa co-wives may be perceived as direct and indirect sources of increased income and prestige.

     By the 1970s, such arguments had become crystallized and popular. Many other African scholars who wrote on the subject became the new champions of this philosophy. For example, in 1983, John Mbiti proclaimed that polygamy is an accepted and respectable institution serving many useful social purposes. Similarly, G.K. Nukunya, in his paper Polygamy as a Symbol of Status,· reiterated Mbiti’s idea that a plurality of wives is a sign of affluence and power in the African society.

     However, the colonial missionary voice provided consistent opposition to polygamy by viewing the practice as unethical and destructive of family life. While they propagated this view with the authority of the Bible, they were convinced that Africans had to be coerced into partaking in the vision of monogamy understood by the Western culture. The missionary viewpoint even included, in some instances, dictating immediate divorce in the case of newly converted men who had already contracted polygamous marriages. Unfortunately, both the missionary voice and the scholarly voice did not consider the views of African women on the matter important. Although there was some awareness that women regarded polygamy as both a curse and a blessing, the distanced, albeit scientific, perspective of an outside observer predominated both on the pulpit and in scholarly writings.

     Contemporary research in the social sciences has begun to focus on the protagonist's voice in the study of culture, recognizing that the views and experiences of those who take part in a given reality ought to receive close examination. This privileging of the protagonist seems appropriate, particularly given that women in Africa have often used literary productions to comment on marriage, family and gender relations.

 

    蓝色字部分就是找出的文章框架,首先出现scholars对于polygamy的看法,然后出现missionary voice ,之后出现这两派观点共同的缺点, 与之相对比的出现了现在研究的一个做法。那在知道了这样一个文章框架后,每大块下面的细节性内容就比较容易理清楚,方面做题定位,加快阅读速度。

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