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【GMAT逻辑CR】8800-OG16

浏览次数:158 日期:2017-05-10 13:55:49
Plan: Concerned about the welfare of its senior citizens, the government of Runagia decided two years ago to increase by 20 percent the government-provided pension paid to all Runagians age sixty-five'and older. Result: Many Runagian senior citizens are no better off financially now than they were before the increase. Further information: The annual rate of inflation since the pension increase has been below 5 percent, and the increased pension has been duly received by all eligible Runagians. In light of the further information, which of the following, if true, does most to explain the result that followed implementation of the plan?

Plan: Concerned about the welfare of its senior citizens, the government of Runagia decided two years ago to increase by 20 percent the government-provided pension paid to all Runagians age sixty-five'and older. Result: Many Runagian senior citizens are no better off financially now than they were before the increase. Further information: The annual rate of inflation since the pension increase has been below 5 percent, and the increased pension has been duly received by all eligible Runagians. In light of the further information, which of the following, if true, does most to explain the result that followed implementation of the plan?

 A

The majority of senior citizens whose financial position has not improved rely entirely on the government pension for their income.

 B

The Runagian banking system is so inefficient that cashing a pension check can take as much as three weeks.

 C

The prices of goods and services that meet the special needs of many senior citizens have increased at a rate much higher than the rate of inflation.

 D

The pension increase occurred at a time when the number of Runagians age sixty-five and older who were living below the poverty level was at an all-time high.

 E

The most recent pension increase was only the second such increase in the last ten


【申友解析】


正确答案:C


题干:考虑到老年公民的福利,R国政府计划给所有65岁以上公民增加20%的养老金。而结果却是R国的老年公民在财政状况上并未有所好转。补充信息:于此同时,年通胀率在5%以下,而且该项政策是面向所有老年公民的。
题目:下面哪一个选项能够在考虑到补充信息的基础上解释目前R国计划执行的结果。
分析:引入他因解释型的正向逻辑,找出导致老年公民财政状况在增加养老金基础上未好转的具体原因。

选项A,老年公民的生活全部依赖政府养老金,假如这个条件成立,那么提高20%的养老金在5%的年通胀率影响下还是应该对财政状况有所帮助,反向逻辑,排除!

选项B,讨论R国银行兑现支票效率低下,无法解释目前面临的矛盾结果,无关属性,排除!

选项C,老年人生活用品价格涨幅远高于通胀率,是一个可能导致老年公民在增加收入后财政状况未变好的他因。正确!

选项D,增加养老金的计划实施在R国老年公民贫困率史上最高时期,与增加养老金不解决问题没有直接联系,无关属性,排除!

选项E,最近一次的养老金增加只是史上第二次的养老金增加计划。同样与老年公民财政状况未好转无关,排除!

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