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【GMAT逻辑CR】8804-OG16

浏览次数:210 日期:2017-05-10 14:01:31
Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were created. Will this year bring another record? Well, a new manufacturing job is created either within an existing company or by the start-up of a new company. Within existing firms, new jobs have been created this year at well below last year's record pace. At the same time, there is considerable evidence that the number of new companies,starting up will be no higher this year than it was last year, and surely the new companies starting up this year will create no more jobs per company than did last year's start-ups. Clearly, it can be concluded that the number of new jobs created this year will fall short of last year's record.

Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were created. Will this year bring another record? Well, a new manufacturing job is created either within an existing company or by the start-up of a new company. Within existing firms, new jobs have been created this year at well below last year's record pace. At the same time, there is considerable evidence that the number of new companies,starting up will be no higher this year than it was last year, and surely the new companies starting up this year will create no more jobs per company than did last year's start-ups. Clearly, it can be concluded that the number of new jobs created this year will fall short of last year's record.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

 A

The first is a prediction that, if accurate, would provide support for the main conclusion of the argument; the second is that main conclusion.

 B

The first is a prediction that, if accurate, would provide support for the mainconclusion of the argument; the second is a conclusion drawn in order to support that main conclusion.

 C

The first is an objection that the argument rejects; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.

 D

The first is an objection that the argument rejects; the second presents a conclusion that could be drawn if that objection were allowed to stand.

 E

The first is a claim that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes; the second is a claim advanced in support of the main conclusion of the argument.


【申友解析】


正确答案:A


题干:去年新增的制造业工作数量创造了历史记录,今年是否会创造新的记录呢?一个新的制造业工作的创造要么来自于一个现有的公司要么来自于新成立的公司。在现有的公司里,新工作的增长速度明显慢于去年。同时,大量证据表明新成立的公司数量不会比去年更多,而且基本可以确定今年平均每个新公司提供的职位也不会比去年的新公司更多。所以很明显,我们能得出结论,今年新工作增长的数量会较去年的记录下降
题目:BOLDFACE部分在题干逻辑中的作用
分析:我们首先对前后两部分BOLDFACE进行主客观定性,很显然,前后两部分均为主观性判断,具体表述我们在选项中进行考察。接下来我们可以很清晰地判断前后两段BOLDFACE的逻辑关系式正向而非逆向。同时符合这两点判断的选项只有A和B,再进一步考察B我们可以发现,在对第二段BOLDFACE的描述上B说第二段是一个支持主要结论的结论,而原文并没有B中所描述的FURTHER CONCLUSION。所以我们判断B错误,选A!

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