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【GMAT阅读RC】-9202-OG16

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When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the United States in 1916, he arrived at precisely the right historical moment.

When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the United States in 1916, he arrived at precisely the right historical moment. What made the moment right was the return of African American soldiers from the First World War in 1918, which created an ideal constituency for someone with Garvey's message of unity, pride, and improved conditions for African American communities.Hoping to participate in the traditional American ethos of individual success, many African American people entered the armed forces with enthusiasm, only to find themselves segregated from white troops and subjected to numerous indignities. They returned to a United States that was as segregated as it had been before the war. Considering similar experiences, anthropologist Anthony F. C. Wallace has argued that when a perceptible gap arises between a culture’s expectations and the reality of that culture, the resulting tension can inspire a revitalization movement: an organized, conscious effort to construct a culture that fulfills longstanding expectations.Some scholars have argued that Garvey created the consciousness from which he built, in the 1920s, the largest revitalization movement in African American history. But such an argument only tends to obscure the consciousness of identity, strength, and sense of history that already existed in the African American community. Garvey did not create this consciousness; rather, he gave this consciousness its political expression.

The passage suggests that many African American people responded to their experiences in the armed forces in which of the following ways?

 A they maintained as civilians their enthusiastic allegiance to the armed forces.

 B they questioned United States involvement in the First World War.

 C they joined political organizations to protest the segregation of African American troops and the indignities they suffered in the military.

 D they became aware of the gap between their expectations and the realities of American culture.

 E they repudiated Garvey's message of pride and unity.

【申友解析】

细节题,依据African American... experience in the armed forces定位文中第二段相关内容

A错误,enthusiastic allegiance to the armed forces文章未提及

B错误,文中未提及他们质疑美国卷入一战

C错误,文中未提及他们加入政治组织反抗军中的种族隔离

D正确,他们开始意识到他们的预期和现实之间的距离。根据第二段中AFCW的叙述可以推出此点

E错误,他们没有否定G的信息,情况恰恰相反

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