搜索
400-600-1123 在线咨询>>
内容头部图

GMAT SC主谓一致考点点拨及真题解析 广州GMAT面授班哪家强?

浏览次数:202 日期:2019-11-29 10:50:49
GMAT SC部分中的主谓一致听起来是一个很简单的考点,在初高中同学们就都知道主语和谓语要保持人称和数的一致,但是这并不能解决GMAT句子改错中所遇到的问题。

GMAT SC部分中的主谓一致听起来是一个很简单的考点,初高中同学们就都知道主语和谓语要保持人称和数的一致,但是这并不能解决GMAT句子改错中所遇到的问题。在GMAT考试中有时遇到不太复杂的句式还好,如果遇到主从复合并列句再叠加各种修饰部分的情况,GMAT考生就很难找出主谓的位置。作为GMAT SC部分中的高频考点,主谓一致是我们必须熟练掌握的,今天广州申友GMAT Sofia就结合四道例题来给大家讲解一下GMAT主谓一致考点的解题技巧。

 

 

第一种:插入语拦主谓中间

例:Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970's, has not significantly reduced the gags existing between the richest and poorest districts.

A. has not significantly reduced the gaps existing

B. has not been significant in reducing the gap that exists

C. has not made a significant reduction in the gap that exists

D. have not significantly reduced the gap that exists

E. have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing

 

解析:同学们很容易就能看出选项中的差别:AB has,CDE have,这个时候只需要判断出主语是谁就可以了,很多同学会选择has是认为主语是goal,实际上要注意这里a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970's 是同位语成分,也就是说是一个插入语,找主语时可以自动忽略掉,实际的主语应该是efforts,那么自然ABC就排除了,DE两个选项,很明显D更为简洁,因此选择D。

 

第二种:定语在主语后

例:While larger banks can afford to maintain their own data-processing operations, many smaller regional and community banks are finding that the cost associated with upgrading data-processing equipment and with the development and maintenance of new products and technical staff are prohibitive.

A. cost associated with

B. costs associated with

C. costs arising from

D. cost of

E. costs of

 

解析:这道题目的选项最明显的差别也是一个2/3分,需要同学们先判断出cost这个主语到底应该用单数还是复数,那么我们往后找它的谓语动词,谓语是谁?谓语是are。为什么?因为associated with upgrading data-processing equipment and with the development and maintenance of new products and technical staff整个这么长全部都是cost的后置定语,只不过这个后置定语有了个并列,导致它超长,但这仍然是过去分词短语做后置定语的情况,因此应迅速判断出cost后都是定语成分,使劲往后找谓语are,从而判断出cost应该为复数。同样地,如果cost后不再是一个长长的分词短语做后置定语,而是一个定语从句,我们也应该迅速把它略过。BC中再根据平行原则选择B。

 

第三种:of 所有格搞迷惑

例:The lack of complete historical records from the mid-to-late 1800's have made some Black inventions difficult to trace to their originators.

A. have made some Black inventions difficult to trace to their originators.

B. have made for difficulties in tracing some inventions by Blacks to their originator

C.have made it difficult to trace some inventions by Blacks to their originators

D.has made it difficult to trace some inventions to their Black originators

E.has made it difficult in tracing some Black inventions to their originators

 

解析:本题较为简单,考主谓一致与 make 的用法。用上题思路,依据题干简化句子,发现 主语是 the lack,那么谓语部分一定要用单数,不能用 have。因而 A、B、C 均错。DE选项根据固定搭配,make it adj to do sth应选D选项

 

例:The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the right or the left hand (i.e., claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded to include the lower vertebrates.

A)exhibits a preference of either using the right or the left hand (i.e., claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded to include

B)exhibits the preference to use either the right or the left hand (i.e., claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded and includes

C)exhibit a preference in either using the right or the left hand (i.e., claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded to include

D)exhibit a preference for using either the right or the left hand (i.e., claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded to include

E)exhibit the preference as to either using the right or the left hand (i.e., claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded and includes

 

解析:题目中出现了非常明显的“A of B”这种结构,但值得注意的是划线部分是定语从句, 那么一定要修饰先行词。所以找到中心词是 animals,animals 是复数,谓语部分一定要用 exhibit,所以排除 AB,在 CDE 里选择。CE选项either…or结构不平行,应选D选项。

 

以上就是广州申友GMAT Sofia老师给大家带来的对GMAT句子改错部分主谓一致考点的方法指导。如果GMAT烤鸡们对于GMAT SC部分还有什么知识点想要了解的可以在评论群留言,到时广州申友GMAT小飞哥会帮大家转达的啦~

为了帮助同学们提高GMAT考试的出分效率,广州申友GMAT火力全开,GMAT寒假封闭班、GMAT寒假连授班、GMAT周末班,总有一款班型适合你,这一次全名师集结,全面助力你的GMAT700+。每个周末GMAT滚动开班;现在就可预约报名寒假火热的GMAT封闭班,全国六大城市都可以预约!

image.png 

广州申友GMAT上课详情请咨询老师:

image.png 

1、请联系官方QQ:2250281936;

2、请联系官方微信号:15927294454;

3、请咨询官方电话:020-87589724;

4、上课地址:广州市天河区冼村路11号保利威座北塔3502室

 

 

 


分享到:
搜索小图标
申友留学安卓版

申友留学APP(安卓版)

右边顶部图
最新活动
  • 2019年12月
    • Sun.
    • Mon.
    • Tues.
    • Wed.
    • Thur.
    • Fri.
    • Sat.
    • 01
    • 02
    • 03
    • 04
    • 05
    • 06
    • 07
    • 08
    • 09
    • 10
    • 11
    • 12
    • 13
    • 14
    • 15
    • 16
    • 17
    • 18
    • 19
    • 20
    • 21
      英国留学申请上演拒信狂潮【广州&武汉申友联合举办】
    • 22
    • 23
    • 24
    • 25
    • 26
    • 27
    • 28
    • 29
    • 30
    • 31
    • Sun.
    • Mon.
    • Tues.
    • Wed.
    • Thur.
    • Fri.
    • Sat.
    • 01
    • 02
    • 03
    • 04
    • 05
    • 06
    • 07
    • 08
    • 09
    • 10
    • 11
    • 12
    • 13
    • 14
    • 15
    • 16
    • 17
    • 18
    • 19
    • 20
    • 21
    • 22
    • 23
    • 24
    • 25
    • 26
    • 27
    • 28
    • 29
    • 30
    • 31

微博

联系电话
联系申友 全国免费咨询热线:400-600-1123

我的留学方案

我想去的国家/地区:

我要申请的学位:

我计划出国的时间:

验证码:

获取方案